عنوان مقاله [English]
Commonly, plant roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can tolerate different stresses such as soil salinity. Thereby, identification of the dominant AMF species in the saline soils and their application as biofertilizer is very useful for increasing crop productivity in such conditions. For this purpose, sampling was performed from root and rhizosphere of wheat, barley and weeds in Yazd, East Azerbaijan, Qom and Markazi provinces. The morphological properties of spores of the isolated AMFs were studied. Then, samples were screened using a two steps nested PCR methodology. At the first step, AMF-specific primers, including LSU-Glom1 and SSU-Glom1 were used, followed by Alu1 restriction of PCR products, and then at the second step, the restricted PCR products were amplified by fungal universal primers (ITS4 and ITS5) for amplification of ITS-rDNA region. The PCR products were cloned, and restricted by Taq 1. The results of morphological charectreristics and analysis of the achived sequences and blasting showed that two AMF genus, including Glomus (more than 90%) and Acaulospora (10%) were domininat. The species G. mosseae (50%), G. intraradices, G. sinosum, G. constrictum, G. etunicatum, G. versiforme, G. fulvom, and Glomus sp were identified using molecular strategy. The maximum species diversity was observed in the fields of Yazd Province and rhizosphere of wheat. Totaly, results of the present study showed that the species G. mosseae has the highest dominancy and adaptivity in saline conditions, so after performing further experiments, it can be used as a source of biofertilizer in such regions.