Aebi H, Bergmeyer H (1974) Methods of enzymatic analysis. Academic Press, New York. 2: 674-684.
Boerjan W, Ralph J, Baucher M (2003) Lignin biosynthesis. Annual review of plant biology. 54(1): 519-546.
Chilton MD, Tepfer DA, Petit A, David C, Casse-Delbart F, Tempé J (1982) Agrobacterium rhizogenes inserts T-DNA into the genomes of the host plant root cells. Nature, 295(5848): 432-445.
Chiou A, Karathanos VT, Mylona A, Salta FN, Preventi F, Andrikopoulos NK (2007) Currants (Vitis vinifera L.) content of simple phenolics and antioxidant activity. Food chemistry. 102: 516-522.
Chung IM, Thiruvengadam M, Rekha K, Rajakumar G (2016) Elicitation enhanced the production of phenolic compounds and biological activities in hairy root cultures of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 59: 1-10.
Ebrahimi A, Galavi, M., Ramroudi, M., and Moaveni, P. (2016). Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on antioxidant enzymes activity and biochemical biomarkers in Pinto Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Molecular Biology Research, 6(1), 58-66.
Falck GCM, Lindberg HK, Suhonen S, Vippola M, Vanhala E, Catalan J, Savolainen K, Norppa, H (2009) Genotoxic effects of nanosized and fine TiO2. Human and Experimental Toxicology 28(6-7): 339-352.
Fattahi M, Nazeri V, Torras-Claveria L, Sefidkon F, Cusido R, Zamani Z, Palazon J (2013) A new biotechnological source of rosmarinic acid and surface flavonoids: hairy root cultures of Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. Ind. Crops. Prod. 50: 256-263.
Frazier TP, Burklew CE, Zhang B (2014) Titanium dioxide nanoparticles affect the growth and microRNA expression of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Functional and Integrative Genomics. 14 (1): 75-83.
Furukawa S, Fujita T (2017) Increased oxidative stress in obesity and its impact on metabolic syndrome. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 114 (12): 1752-1761.
Ghorbanpour M (2015) Major essential oil constituents, total phenolics and flavonoids content and antioxidant activity of Salvia officinalis plant in response to nano-titanium dioxide. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 20(3): 249-256.
Ghorbanpour M, Hatami M, Hatami M (2015) Activating antioxidant enzymes, hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis of Hyoscyamus niger L. plants with nano-sized titanium dioxide and bulk application. Acta agriculturae Slovenica. 105 (1): 23-32.
Goran M, Marija D, Vesna P, Gordana S, Snežana Č (2018) Phytochemical analysis of Saponaria officinalis L. shoots and flowers essential oils. Natural Product research. 32(3): 331-334.
Guillon S, Trémouillaux-Guiller J, Pati PK, Rideau M, Gantet P (2006) Hairy root research: recent scenario and exciting prospects. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 9 (3): 341-346.
Gülcin I (2012) Antioxidant activity of food constituents: an overview. Archives of Toxicology. 86(3):345-391.
Guy C, Haskell D, Neven L, Klein P, Smelser C (1992) Hydration-state-responsive proteins link cold and drought stress in spinach. Planta. 188: 265-270.
Hajimahdipour H, Khanavi M, SHekarchi M, Abedi Z, Pirali Hamedani M (2009) Study the best method of extraction of phenolic compounds in Echinacea purpurea. Journal of Medicinal Plants: 4 (8): 145-152.
Hasanlu T, Rezazadeh S, Rahnama H (2008) Hairy roots sources for the production of valuable pharmaceutical compounds. Journal of Medicinal Plants. 29: 34-42.
Hedayati A, Hosseini B, Palazon J, Maleki R (2020) Improved tropane alkaloid production and changes in gene expression in hairy root cultures of two Hyoscyamus species elicited by silicon dioxide nanoparticles. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 155: 416-428.
Hu ZB, Du M (2006) Hairy root and its application in plant genetic engineering. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology. 48: 121-127.
Jiang P, Burczynski F, Campbell C, Pierce G, Austria JA, Briggs CJ (2007) Rutin and flavonoid contents in three buckwheat species Fagopyrum esculentum, F. tataricum, and F. homotropicum and their protective effects against lipid peroxidation. Food Research International. 40 (3): 356-364.
Kamalizadeh M, Bihamta M, Zarei A (2019) Drought stress and TiO2 nanoparticles affect the composition of different active compounds in the Moldavian dragonhead plant. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. 41 (2): 21-29.
Kamalizadeh M, Bihamta MR, Peyghambari SJH (2014) Expression of Genes Involved in Rosmarinic Acid Biosynthesis Pathway in Dragonhead Affected by Nanoparticles. Genetics in the third millennium. 12: 3428-3437.
Karimi L, Mirjalili M (2009). Titanium dioxide. Journal of Nanotechnology. 8: 23-25.
Klančnik K, Drobne D, Valant J, Koce JD (2011) Use of a modified Allium test with nano TiO2. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 74 (1): 85-92.
Lamien-Meda A, Nell M, Lohwasser U, Börner A, Franz C, Novak J (2010) Investigation of antioxidant and rosmarinic acid variation in the sage collection of the gene bank in Gatersleben. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58(6): 3813-3819.
Larue C, Laurette J, Herlin-Boime N, Khodja H, Fayard B, Flank AM, Brisset F, Carriere M (2012) Accumulation, translocation and impact of TiO2 nanoparticles in wheat (Triticum aestivum spp.): influence of diameter and crystal phase. Science of the Total Environment. 431: 197-208.
Li Y, Horsman M, Wu N, Lan CQ, Dubois-Calero N (2008) Biofuels from microalgae. Biotechnology Progress. 24: 815-820.
Mahmoodzadeh H, Aghili R (2018) Effect on germination and early growth characteristics in wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles. Journal of Chemical Health Risks. 4 (1): 29-36.
Mandeh M, Omidi M, Rahaie M (2012) In vitro influences of TiO2 nanoparticles on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) tissue culture. Biol Trace Elem Res. 150 (1-3): 376-380.
Marslin G, Sheeba CJ, Franklin G (2017) Nanoparticles Alter Secondary Metabolism in Plants via ROS Burst. Front Plant Sci. 19 (8): 832.
Martinez V, Mestre TC, Rubio F, Girones-Vilaplana A, Moreno DA, Mittler R, Rivero RM. (2016) Accumulation of flavonols over hydroxycinnamic acids favors oxidative damage protection under abiotic stress. Frontiers in plant science. 7: 1-17.
Mattiello A, Filippi A, Pošćić F, Musetti R, Salvatici MC, Giordano C, Vischi M, Bertolini A, Marchiol L (2015) Evidence of phytotoxicity and genotoxicity in Hordeum vulgare L. exposed to CeO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles. Frontiers in Plant Science. 6: 1-13.
Mehrabani B, Nazeri S, Piri KH (2013) Evaluation of total produced phenol in Chaei Koohi (Stachys lavandulifolia Vahi) callus culture and possibility of its enhancement using Elicitors. Agricultural Biotechnology Journal. 4 (2): 77-88.
Mittler R (2017) ROS are good. Trends in Plant Science. 22 (1): 11-19.
Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bio assays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiologia Plantarum. 15 (3): 473-497.
Nair R, Varghese SH, Nair BG, Maekawa T, Yoshida Y, Kumar DS (2010) Nanoparticulate material delivery to plants. Plant Science 179 (3): 154-163.
Nakano Y, Asada K (1981) Hydrogen peroxide is scavenged by ascorbate-specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplasts. Plant and Cell Physiology. 22 (5): 867-880.
Nour V, Trandafir I, Cosmulescu S (2014) Influence of preparing method on antioxidant activity and polyphenols content of green Walnuts comfiture.South-Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment. 5: 83-94.
Nourozi E, Hosseini B, Maleki R, Abdollahi Mandoulakani B (2019) Pharmaceutical important phenolic compounds overproduction and gene expression analysis in Dracocephalum kotschyi hairy roots elicited by SiO2 nanoparticles. Industrial Crops and Products. 133: 435-446.
Oloumi H, Soltaninejad R, Baghizadeh A (2015) The comparative effects of nano and bulk size particles of CuO and ZnO on glycyrrhizin and phenolic compounds contents in Glycyrrhiza glabra L. seedlings. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 20 (2): 157-161.
Pais I (1983) The biological importance of titanium. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 6: 3-131.
Palmqvist NGM, Bejai S, Meijer J, Seisenbaeva GA, Kessler VG (2015) Nano titania aided clustering and adhesion of beneficial bacteria to plant roots to enhance crop growth and stress management. Scientific Reports. 5: 1-12.
Schiavo S, Oliviero M, Miglietta M, Rametta G, Manzo S (2016) Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of ZnO nanoparticles for Dunaliella tertiolecta and comparison with SiO2 and TiO2 effects at population growth inhibition levels. Science of the Total Environment. 550: 619-627.
Schrot J, Weng A, Melzing MF (2015) Ribosome-inactivating and relatead proteins. Toxins. 7 (5): 1556-615.
Sengul M, Ercisli S, Yildiz H, Gungor N, Kavaz A, Çetin B (2010) Antioxidant, antimicrobial activity and total phenolic content within the aerial parts of Artemisia absinthum, Artemisia santonicum and Saponaria officinalis. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 49-55.
Servin AD, Morales MI, Castillo-Michel H, Hernandez-Viezcas JA, Munoz B, Zhao L, Gardea-Torresdey JL (2013) Synchrotron verification of TiO2 accumulation in cucumber fruit: a possible pathway of TiO2 nanoparticle transfer from soil into the food chain.Environmental Science and Technology. 47 (20): 11592-11598.
Shallan MA, Hassan HM, Namich AA, Ibrahim AA (2016) Biochemical and physiological effects of TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles on cotton plant under drought stress. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 7 (4): 1540-1551.
Shin Y, Liu RH, Nock JF, Holliday D, Watkins CB (2007). Temperature and relative humidity effects on quality, total ascorbic acid, phenolics and flavonoid concentrations, and antioxidant activity of strawberry. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 45: 349-357.
Singh RS, Chattopadhyay T, Thakur D, Kumar N, Kumar T, Singh PK (2018) Hairy root culture for in vitro production of secondary metabolites: A promising biotechnological approach. In Kumar N. (eds). Biotechnological Approaches for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Springer, Singapore. pp. 235-250.
Slinkard K, Singleton VL, (1977) Total phenol analysis: automation and comparison with manual methods. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture. 28 (1): 49-55.
Soares AMDS, Souza TFD, Jacinto T, Machado OLT (2010) Effect of methyl jasmonate on antioxidative enzyme activities and on the contents of ROS and H2O2 in Ricinus communis leaves.Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology. 22(3): 151-158.
Srivastava S, Srivastava AK (2007) Hairy root culture for mass-production of high-value secondary metabolites. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 27 (1): 29-43.
Stripe F, Battelli M (2006) Ribosome-inactivating protens: progress and problems. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 63 (16): 1850-66.
Sudhakar C, Lakshmi A, Giridarakumar S (2001) Changes in the antioxidant enzyme efficacy in two high yielding genotypes of mulberry (Morus alba L.) under NaCl salinity. Plant Science. 161 (3): 613-619.
Suriyaprabha R, Karunakaran G, Yuvakkumar R, Prabu P, Rajendran V, Kannan N (2012) Growth and physiological responses of maize (Zea mays L.) to porous silica nanoparticles in soil. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 14 (12): 1294-1296.
Thiruvengadam M, Praveen N, John KM, Yang YS, Kim SH, Chung, I. M (2014) Establishment of Momordica charantia hairy root cultures for the production of phenolic compounds and determination of their biological activities. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 118 (3): 545-557.
Yang HG, Sun CH, Qiao SZ, Zou J, Liu G, Smith SC, Cheng HM, Lu GQ (2008) Anatase TiO2 single crystals with a large percentage of reactive facets. Nature. 453 (7195): 638-641.
Yousefi K, Riahi Madvar A (2016) Effect of flavone synthase gene expression and elicitor silver and copper on some biochemical parameters in seedlings of native Iranian cumin (Cuminum cyminum L). Journal of Plant (Iranian Journal of Biology). 28: 210-223.
Yousefi K, Riahi MA, Baghizadeh A (2015) Investigation of the effects of Ag and Cu elicitors on flavone synthase 1 gene expression and some biochemical parameters on Cuminum cyminum L. endemic to Iran. Journal of Plant Researches. 28 (1): 210-223.
Yuan SJ, Chen JJ, Lin ZQ, Li WW, Sheng GP, Yu HQ (2013) Nitrate formation from atmospheric nitrogen and oxygen photocatalysed by nano-sized titanium dioxide. Nature Communications. 4: 1-7.
Zhang L, Kai GY, Lu BB, Zhang HM, Tang KX, Jiang JH, Chen WS (2005) Metabolic engineering of tropane alkaloid biosynthesis in plants. J Integr Plant Biol. 47: 136-143.
Zhang Y, Yan X, Guo H, Zhao F, Huang L (2018) A novel protein elicitor BAR11 from Saccharothrix yanglingensis Hhs. 015 improves plant resistance to pathogens and interacts with catalases as targets. Frontiers in Microbiology. 9: 700-716.
Zhang Z, Liao L, Moore J, Wu T, Wang Z (2009) Antioxidant phenolic compounds from walnut kernels (Juglans regia L.). Food Chem. 113 (1): 160-165.
Žugić A, Đorđević S, Arsić I, Marković G, Živković J, Jovanović S, Tadić V (2014) Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in 10 selected herbs from Vrujci Spa, Serbia. Industrial Crops and Products. 52: 519-527.